Fertility Supplements for Men
Men should make sure they are eating nutriciously prior to conception. Whilst, a good, healthy diet is no substitute for vitamin pill popping, taking vitamin supplements helps to ensure the best quality sperm - boosting a couple's chances of conceiving.
Zinc 30mg two times / day.
Zinc has been shown to boost sperm count because it is essential to both the creation of DNA and sperm.
Long-term zinc supplementation requires 1–2 mg of copper per day to prevent copper deficiency. More Science...
Zinc is needed to make the outer layer and tail of the sperm and is, therefore, essential for the health of sperm. Interestingly, several studies have also shown that reducing zinc in a man's diet will also reduce his sperm count. [ x ]
Folic Acid - 800mcg / day.
Like Zinc, Folic Acid helps to improve sperm count by helping to create DNA and sperm.
The assumption is based on a study from which limited conclusions can be drawn. The results may have arisen by chance. Randomised controlled trials are needed to explore this relationship properly. More Science...
A study published in Human Reproduction found that micronutrient intake affects male reproductive health. The study found that total folic acid intake is associated with a statistically significant reduction in frequency of sperm abnormalities in healthy males. There was no consistent relationships between intakes of zinc or the antioxidant vitamin C, vitamin E or beta-carotene on the frequencies of aneuploid sperm. [ x ]
Selenium - 2-400mcg / day.
Selenium boosts sperm production and improves their swimming ability. More Science...
Selenium is an antioxidant that helps to protect the body from highly reactive chemical fragments called free radicals. For this reason, selenium can prevent chromosome breakage, which is known to be a cause of birth defects and miscarriages. Good levels of selenium are also essential to maximise sperm formation. Blood selenium levels have been found to be lower in men with low sperm counts. [ x ]
Vitamin C - 1000mg / day.
Vitamin C helps to make properly functioning sperm and stops them from clumping together. More Science...
Vitamin C is also an antioxidant, and studies show that vitamin C enhances sperm quality, protecting sperm and the DNA within it from damage. Some research has indicated that certain types of DNA damage in the sperm can make it difficult to conceive in the first place, or it can cause an increased risk of miscarriage if conception does take place. If DNA is damaged, there may be a chromosomal problem in the baby, should the pregnancy proceed. Whether or not DNA damage does have these effects has not been conclusively proven, but it's worth taking vitamin C and the other antioxidants as a precautionary measure. [ x ]
Maca - 2000mg / day.
Maca has been proven to improve sexual desire and increase sperm quantity and quality in men. More Science...
Researchers at the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, in Lima, Peru, performed a 12-week double blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial in which active treatment with different doses of maca was compared with a placebo. Men aged 21-56 years received 3000 mg of maca. An improvement in sexual desire was observed with maca at 8 weeks of treatment. Serum testosterone and estradiol levels were not different in men treated with maca than in those treated with placebo.
Another study was designed to determine the benefit of a 4-month oral treatment with tablets of maca on seminal analysis in adult normal men aged 24-44 years old. Nine men received tablets of maca (1500 or 3000 mg/day) for 4 months. Serum luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, prolactin, testosterone and estradiol levels were measured before and after treatment.
Treatment with maca resulted in increased seminal volume, sperm count per ejaculation, and sperm motility. Serum hormone levels were not altered. [ x ]
L-Arginine - up to 4000mg / day.
This is an amino acid found in many foods and the head of the sperm contains an exceptional amount of this nutrient, which is essential for sperm production. Supplementing with L-arginine can help to increase both the sperm count and quality.
Note: People who have herpes attacks (either cold sores or genital herpes) should not supplement with arginine because it stimulates the virus. More Science...
Arginine supplementation is often, but not always, an effective treatment for male infertility. The critical determinant appears to be the level of sperm count. If sperm counts are less than 20
million/ml, arginine supplementation is less likely to be of benefit. Also, the dosage of arginine should be at least 4 grams(4000mg) per day for three months to be effective.
L-Carnitine - up to 3-4000mg / day.
This amino acid is essential for normal functioning of sperm cells. According to research, it appears that the higher the levels of L-Carnitine in the sperm cells, the better the sperm count and motility. More Science...
A deficiency of carnitine results in a decrease in fatty acid concentrations in the mitochondria and reduced energy production. After ejaculation, the motility of sperm correlates directly
with carnitine content. The higher the carnitine content, the more motile the sperm. Conversely, when carnitine levels are low, sperm development, function, and motility are drastically
Vitamin E - 800iu / day.
Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant vitamin. It plays a key role in inhibiting free-radical damage to the unsaturated fatty acids of the sperm membrane with low levels of this nutrient being
linked to a low fertility in men. In addition, vitamin E has been shown to increase the ability of sperm to fertilize an egg in test tubes. Studies suggest that Vitamin E may be as
effective - and possibly more effective - than expensive high-tech procedures.
In one study, supplementation with vitamin E decreased the level of lipid peroxide concentration in sperm pellet suspensions. Eleven of fifty-two treated infertile men impregnated their
Vitamin B12 - 1000 mcg / day.
A deficiency of Vitamin B12 leads to reduced sperm counts and reduced sperm motility. Even if there is no deficiency of Vitamin-BI2, its supplementation may be beneficial for men with sperm count less than 20 million/ml or a motility rate of less than fifty percent. More Science...
In one study, twenty-seven percent of men who had sperm counts under 20 million/ml were given 1,000 mcg of vitamin B12 per day. As a result, their total sperm count increased in excess of 100 million/ml. In another study, fifty-seven percent of men with low sperm counts who were given 6,000 mcg of vitamin B12 per day demonstrated improvements.
In another study, a group of infertile men were given oral vitamin B12 supplements (1,500 mcg per day of methylcobalamin) for 2 to 13 months. Approximately 60% of those taking the supplement experienced improved sperm counts. However, controlled trials are needed to confirm these preliminary results. Men seeking vitamin B12 injections should consult a physician. [ x ]